17.12.17 – Wonder Lost – Peter Cheyne

READING Luke 1:26-38

It was a tradition in the Williams home that there was always a large nativity scene in their lounge. Mark and Julie, and their children, loved Jesus and wanted Him to be the centre of their celebrations.

Another tradition was that the Christmas tree, beside the nativity, went up on Christmas Eve after the kids had gone to bed. That way, the first time they saw it was on Christmas morning.

And a third tradition was that Grandad Steve always came to stay. Steve didn’t sleep very well so, on Christmas morning, he was up, and sitting in the chair in the corner of the lounge before the children stirred. It wasn’t long though until he heard them moving and their excited chatter, before footsteps ran down the hall. All three of them burst into the lounge and stopped dead in their tracks, their mouths wide open. They stared at the tree. It was beautiful. They edged closer, pointing out the things that were different from last year. There were little squeals of delight and excited giggles.

They then turned to the manger. “Wow! Look at baby Jesus! Look at his tiny hands! And look at Mary’s beautiful clothes! Look how she is looking at him with such love in her eyes. Oh wow! Thank you, Jesus for coming into the world at Christmas.” The children joined hands and danced around in a circle, singing and giggling.

“Hi, Grandad”, they called when they saw him, and broke out of the circle to give him a hug. They then ran out of the room but Steve could still hear the sounds of excitement coming from other parts of the house. He smiled, thinking about their enthusiasm.

It wasn’t long before Mark and Julie were also up. They came into the lounge smiling. “Hi Grandad” they said before each giving him a hug. Then the children burst back in. “Get the Bible, Lukey”, Mark said, and Luke raced off to the bedroom. When he returned, Mark and Julie sat on the floor and the children sat around them, pulling in close to hear the story. They read from Matthew and Luke so as to get the whole story.

When they heard about the angel visiting Mary, their eyes and mouths were wide open imagining what it would have been like to be visited by an angel but even more so, imagining what it would be like to be told you were going to have a baby – a miracle baby – not just a baby but God’s baby. “Do you think it would be funny walking around knowing you had God in your tummy?”, Emma asked, and everyone laughed. Luke added, “What I think is amazing is that this baby was going to be the Messiah. Imagine being the girl who was told she was going to be the mother of the Messiah! How amazing would that be?”

“Mummy,” Sophie said, “how long was it between Adam and Eve and Mary?

“I don’t know, Honey.” Julie replied. “Why do you ask?”

“I was just thinking that God told Adam and Eve about the Messiah, didn’t He?

“Well, yes. He didn’t call Him the Messiah at that point but He said that Eve would have a descendant who would crush Satan. He was obviously talking about Jesus.”

“Yeah, that’s what I was thinking,” Sophie continued, “so when was that?”

Julie laughed. “Good question, Honey. I don’t know. It’s kind-of before recorded history even started. Some people would say a few thousand years. Others would say it was millions of years. What are you thinking?”

“I’m thinking how amazing it must have been after all those thousands or millions of years, and all those prophecies of a Messiah, that it was actually happening. This was perhaps the biggest event in the history of the world. Generation after generation after generation had heard God’s promises but nothing had happened. And now suddenly it was! That is awesome! Yay God!”

“Yeah, true!” Luke shouted. “That is amazing! God kept His promise even after thousands or millions of years. And, one day, Jesus is coming back. People might think it is never going to happen but God will keep that promise too, won’t He. Imagine how history is going to change when that happens!”

“What’s the matter, Wee One,” Mark asked suddenly concerned. Emma was crying. Everyone looked.

“I don’t want Jesus to die.”

“Oh wow,” Mark said. “It is horrible to think that this little baby would be hated and killed, isn’t it? People didn’t treat Jesus very well. It’s horrible, horrible, horrible. But you know what? God was still in control. This was all part of God’s plan. The angel had said to Joseph that the baby was to be called Jesus because he would save His people from their sins. He had to die to save us. But remember… He rose again. Jesus had to die. It looked like death defeated Jesus but, in the end, Jesus defeated death.”

Emma smiled and the children jumped up and down chanting, “Jesus wins! Jesus wins!”

They had heard this story many times before, of course. They knew the details well, but every time it seemed to fill them with wonder.

Steve was delighted seeing his grandchildren so engrossed in the story and understanding it so. Oh to be a child again and have that sort of wide-eyed awe. But then he wondered why you had to be a child. Why couldn’t he be equally amazed? The story contained many amazing things – truly incredible things – why did they no longer cause him to dance and sing? What happens when we become adults? What do we lose?

Steve began to wonder about wonder. He loved Jesus but he was hardly ever blown away by the wonder of it all in that wide-eyed sort of way. He couldn’t remember the last time he had sat with His mouth open when he had realised something of the magnificence of Jesus.

He thought about some of the reactions of the personalities in the actual Christmas story. Mary was deeply troubled when the angel appeared and was told not to be afraid. When had Steve felt the fear of being in the presence of God? Was He taking God for granted? John the Baptist had leapt in the womb of Elizabeth when Mary, with her baby in utero, had entered the house. My goodness, imagine the power of the presence of God when one unborn baby can have that effect on another unborn baby! Mary had broken into a magnificent song of praise and prophesied about the nature of the Kingdom of God.

Even John the Baptist caused extraordinary reactions. The neighbours were filled with astonishment when he was named John. Zechariah, when he was able to talk again, praised God and the people were filled with awe. When had Steve – or actually, anyone in his church – last been astonished or filled with awe?

When the angels had appeared, the shepherds had been terrified but, after having seen Jesus, they glorified and praised God and told everybody about this child. And, again, the people were amazed. Simeon took the baby Jesus in his arms and praised God. Anna likewise. And Mary and Joseph marvelled at what was said about Jesus. They were blown away by it. The Magi were overjoyed when they knew they were in the right place to see Jesus and they bowed down and worshipped Him.

Yeah, but all of these people were excitable Mediterranean types. Steve was a Kiwi and an introvert; they were just more expressive people. But suddenly “introvert” sounded cold and passion-less. He could jump up and down and scream at the TV when the All Blacks were playing. Was he really passion-less when it came to Jesus? As he understood it too, the same personality types existed in all cultures. Did even the introverts in the Christmas story still sense the awe?

Being an introvert, maybe he was less likely to express it but did he even feel it? Even if it wasn’t visible on the outside, did he feel it on the inside?

Steve thought about the fact that when Jesus taught, the crowds were amazed. There was something so different… so authentic… so true… so powerful about Him that the people were blown away. Jesus was different. Jesus was – is – God. Demons screamed in His presence and pleaded for mercy. When Jesus healed the lame man lowered through the roof, the people were filled with awe and praised God.

Steve picked up his iPad and started searching the Bible for words like “awe” and “wonder” and “amazed”. He was surprised how many there were. People were constantly blown away by Jesus. He didn’t find “blown away” or “gobsmacked” (although he thought God-smacked might have been appropriate.) But the word “amazed” occurs 45 times in the New Testament. Jesus (and even the disciples after Him) did things that took their breath away. “We have never seen anything like this!” they said shaking their heads. And Steve realised why signs and wonders are called wonders.

He was particularly troubled though by

Hebrews 12:28-29      Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, let us be thankful, and so worship God acceptably with reverence and awe, for our “God is a consuming fire.

Acceptable worship involves reverence and awe. Steve began to wonder if his relationship with Jesus had become too ordinary… too boring. He knew about Jesus; he appreciated Jesus; he talked to Jesus, but why was he no longer in awe of Jesus? If the real Jesus was constantly amazing people, was Steve even relating to the real Jesus – or just to a domesticated, safe, no-longer stunning, replica of Jesus?

Steve did not want his relationship to be just boring. He wanted it to be a walk with the real Jesus. “God, please give me again a sense of wonder. When I was first saved, I was amazed that you could love someone like me. I was amazed that You cared enough about us to send Your Son. I was amazed that the immortal God would become a man and would suffer and die. But now that is just routine. I talk about it with no sense of wonder. I am not stunned by it. Lord, please touch my heart again. Please open my eyes again to the wonder of it all.”

He felt a little hand on his leg and he opened his eyes. Emma, the youngest one, had come back into the room. “Grandad, do you see it?”

“See what, Wee One?”

“Look at the manger, Grandad.”

His eyes opened wide and he spun around to see the cause. True enough, it was just the way the sun was shining through the exposed beams at that moment, but on the manger there was a very distinct, brightly-lit cross. And, although he knew it was impossible, he was convinced that the doll was looking directly at him and smiling.

He swept Emma into his arms, holding her tight, and started crying.

“What’s the matter, Grandad?”

“Honey, I think God has just answered a prayer for me, and you were part of it. You and Luke and Sophie were a big part of it. I think God just showed me that He is a lot bigger – a lot more amazing – than I had remembered. Do you know that song “Our God is a great big God”?”

Hearing the sounds, the rest of the family came back into the lounge and saw Grandad and Emma singing together at the top of their voices, tears streaming down both of their faces.

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3.12.17 – Celebrating A “Pagan” Christmas – Peter Cheyne

Martin found Brad quite intimidating. Brad seemed to know so much about the Bible and he had strong opinions. Whatever the conversation, Brad let you know what he thought and what the Bible said about it.

Martin, on the other hand, didn’t know so much. He was learning. He was reading his Bible most days, listening carefully to the sermons and taking notes, but he still felt like he was just skimming the surface. There was so much he didn’t seem to know. It was when he talked to Brad that he felt most ignorant. Brad swamped him with his knowledge. Martin truly admired Brad’s depth of understanding but, with every conversation, he felt more and more useless.

Never mind; one day he too would know as much as Brad.

When he had become a Christian, Brad had invited him to meet once a week to chat and to do some Bible study together. Martin felt really privileged that Brad was willing to give up so much time to help him grow spiritually. Martin was hungry to learn; Brad was eager to teach. Perfect.

It hadn’t turned out to be quite so perfect though. Martin had questions that had cropped up during the week but Brad seemed to have an agenda of his own. He seldom listened to Martin. He was more intent on describing the latest theological argument that he had been in (and, according to him, always seemed to win.) Or explain the latest academic article he had read. Most of it went straight over Martin’s head, and he left their meetings slightly resentful that he had wasted his time – again.

Martin wanted to know how to pray and how to resist temptation. Brad talked about the fourth century bishop, Gregory of Nyssa, and whether or not his theology had been influenced by Neoplatonism. Or the latest trends in the study of Pauline eschatology.

Brad had lots of theories that he talked about as if they were incontrovertible facts. And Martin was always the ignorant student. Brad was a King-James-only, Calvinistic, pre-tribulationist. And he could defend it from the Bible.

Martin didn’t have the courage to say he didn’t want to meet any more.

One day, Brad said “Martin, mate, tell me please that you do not celebrate Christmas.”

“No… no, of course not! As if I would!” Martin replied, knowing that he was lying. Why would he not celebrate Christmas?

Brad was determined to pursue the subject anyway. “It’s not Christian, you know. It’s a pagan festival.”

Martin was already struggling. How could celebrating the birth of the Christ not be Christian?

“Jesus wasn’t born on 25 December”, Brad chortled contemptuously. “We don’t know when Jesus was born but it almost certainly wasn’t in the winter. Shepherds wouldn’t have been out in the fields in the middle of winter. So, where do you think the 25 December date came from? It’s pagan. It was an ancient Roman celebration of the birth of the god Mithra. How can Christians possibly adopt pagan events and false gods? The Bible says we are to have no other gods than the real God. People who celebrate Christmas are directly disobeying the Bible and will burn in hell.”

“Wow! This looks serious,” Martin thought. Brad certainly knows his stuff. He’s done his research. Martin didn’t have a clue how to respond.

“Christmas is never mentioned in the Bible,” Brad continued. “We should do only what God has told us to do. He has told us to celebrate Jesus’ death, for example, in Communion, but we are never told to celebrate His birth.”

“I thought Christmas was mentioned in the Bible,” Martin objected.


“Well, we have the stories of Jesus’ birth. Where are they? In Matthew and Luke. We know about Mary and Joseph and their journey to Bethlehem and the shepherds and the wise men. That’s in the Bible.”

Brad snorted. “We know about His birth but there is no annual celebration called “Christmas”. We’re not meant to celebrate it.”

Martin knew he was on dangerous ground trying to debate with Brad but he was getting a bit resentful. Brad seemed like the ultimate Scrooge trying to take all the joy out of Christmas. It seemed to Martin that the angels had celebrated Jesus’ birth with a huge choir and the shepherds had worshipped and the wise men had acknowledged His birth and worshipped and given gifts. How come it was OK for them to celebrate it but not OK for Christians?

Brad had made other points though that Martin had no idea how to answer. In fact, maybe Brad was right. Maybe it was simply a pagan festival and not appropriate for Christians. The overwhelmingly materialistic and commercial nature of modern Christmases certainly looked pagan. Maybe that did reveal the true character of Christmas and Christians had been sucked into something evil. Maybe he really would burn in hell for celebrating Christmas. It seemed strange. He couldn’t quite understand it but maybe going to church on Christmas Day and giving thanks for the birth of the Saviour condemned a person to hell.

“Where do all our Christmas traditions come from,” Brad asked. “They’re pagan too. Worshipping decorated trees and hanging mistletoe and burning yule logs. It’s all pagan. It has nothing to do with the birth of Jesus. And what about Santa Claus? What has he got to do with Jesus and yet he is the hero of Christmas.”

It was looking pretty compelling, Martin thought. All this evidence was mounting up against celebrating Christmas. Mind you, he didn’t remember actually worshipping the tree.

It seemed that Brad had read his thoughts. “Don’t you bow down when you put the present under it? You bow down to the tree! That’s worship, man! And the Bible specifically condemns Christmas trees. Listen to Jeremiah 10:2-4. 2 This is what the Lord says: ‘Do not learn the ways of the nations or be terrified by signs in the heavens, though the nations are terrified by them. 3 For the practices of the peoples are worthless; they cut a tree out of the forest, and a craftsman shapes it with his chisel. 4 They adorn it with silver and gold; they fasten it with hammer and nails so that it will not totter. Do not learn the ways of the nations. Do not adopt pagan practices. And Colossians 2:16-17 say that religious festivals and special days are a shadow of the things that were to come. The reality is found in Christ.”

One thing Martin knew was that he wanted to live a holy and God-pleasing life. He didn’t understand all of this but it did seem that there were multiple reasons for not celebrating Christmas. And he knew that obedience had to come before his love for his family. He rang his Mum and said he wouldn’t be coming to the house this Christmas. He’d catch up with his brothers and sisters and nephews and nieces maybe the day before or the day after but he couldn’t be there on Christmas Day. His mother was very disappointed but Martin stuck to his principles. Christian disciples must put Jesus ahead of family.

His absence that day only made his family even more dubious about what had happened to him when he had become a Christian. And Martin sat at home alone watching TV. He wasn’t quite sure how that was godlier than going to church and remembering Jesus, giving thanks for His coming into the world to save sinners, and being with family. However, Brad had said so and Brad always knew best. Fortunately, and typically, there was nothing on TV even remotely Christmas-related so Martin wasn’t even tempted to think of Jesus’ birth and thereby sin. He was sure he was being very holy but it was actually the worst Christmas ever.

It was so bad that he decided to do some research. That Jeremiah reading that so clearly condemned Christmas trees. When he looked it up, he discovered that it wasn’t about trees at all. It was about idols carved out of wood. The next verse made it clear. What about the Colossians one about religious festivals and Sabbath days being worthless – only Christ is real? He saw that that was talking about Old Testament festivals that had been rendered obsolete when Jesus came. Observing them could not save; they were simply pointing to Christ. “But,” he thought, “I wasn’t trying to be saved by celebrating Christmas. On the contrary, I wanted to rejoice in the gift of the Saviour.”

His suspicions had been aroused and his appetite whetted. He dug deeper into the research. Christmas trees, he discovered, were not pagan; they were Christian! In Germany, the main prop for a medieval play about Adam and Eve was a fir tree hung with apples, representing the Garden of Eden. German Christians set them up in their homes on December 24, the religious feast day of Adam and Eve. They hung wafers on it representing the bread of Communion – the body of Christ; redemption – and they hung candles on it representing Jesus. Over the years this became the Christmas tree.[1]

Santa Claus and the commercialism were still a bit of a problem but Martin discovered that it actually is possible that shepherds were in the fields in December and Christians have believed that 25 December was the date of Christ’s birth of Christ’s birth since the second or third century. But, even if Jesus wasn’t born on that day, is it not still a good thing to celebrate His coming at some point? Martin wasn’t sure if it was relevant but he noted that Queen’s Birthday is not actually on the Queen’s birthday either.

He felt a bit peeved. He had missed Christmas and all because of Brad’s penchant for splitting hairs and making up rules based on not even being careful about how he read the Bible. Martin decided he was going to do something about it!

He rang his family and apologised for having been an idiot. His day had been miserable and he had damped theirs because he had been a bit sort-of super-holy. He had acted as if he was a bit superior. His family weren’t Christians but they laughed and said that he was forgiven and they invited him to join them for the evening. Martin thought their forgiveness was maybe close to the real meaning of Christmas.

He had a great time with them but he said he wanted to make it up to them. He wanted to do more. He wanted to really celebrate Christmas. And so he proposed that they get together again 2 weeks later. He would organise it. He would pay for it but they would have a top-notch celebration.

He told them about the journey he had been on and how silly Christians could be sometimes. But he also added that there were still some things that troubled him. The materialism and commercialism were, he suggested, totally contrary to the real message of Christmas. “Let’s have no presents. We don’t need another round of presents. And let’s not spend mega-bucks. Can we have a really good day? Can we love each other and have a lot of fun, but can we remember that it is about God giving us His Son?”

They were OK with that. Why not make it the real thing? “Actually,” they said, “we’d quite like to know what it really does mean. We know about the spending, and the over-eating and over-drinking, and Santa but we have little idea about Jesus and no idea why He is such a big deal to you. Why not tell us?”

And so it was that on January 7th Martin and his family celebrated Christmas. He didn’t know it but so did maybe 300 million Eastern Orthodox Christians as well. Martin got to tell his family the story of Jesus and all of them said it had been better than their other Christmas.

READ Col 3:15-17



[1] 3. The New Encyclopedia Britannica: Micropaedia, Vol. II (Encyclopedia Britannica, 1981)

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26.11.17 – If I Prayed, Am I Saved? – Peter Cheyne

If I have prayed, inviting Jesus into my life, I am a Christian. I don’t have to do anything else.

When I put that on the wall two weeks ago, it got a heap of yellow spots meaning that it is a statement that we are not sure about or have questions about. Clearly this is very relevant to all of us. How can we be sure we that we have been saved? Is it just a case of praying or do we need to do something? Can we think we are saved but actually not be? Might we get turned away on judgement day?

What I am going to say will be controversial. You won’t hear this teaching many other places, which means one of two things: either this is what the Bible teaches and we need to change our thinking or this isn’t what the Bible teaches and I am misleading you. You need discern what the Bible says? Have your Bibles open and test me.

When we were talking about Martin Luther, we referred a couple of times to…

Ephesians 2:8-9  For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – 9 not by works, so that no one can boast.

Sola gratia – by grace alone, not by works. It is a gift; we cannot earn it. By God’s grace, when we put our faith in Jesus. Sola fide – by faith alone. But…

James 2:24          You see that people are justified by what they do and not by faith alone.

Uh oh, we have a problem!!! Paul says that we are not saved by works but by grace through faith. James says that we are saved (or justified) by works and not by faith alone.

Has James got this completely wrong? Martin Luther wrote that James’ epistle was an epistle of straw (as opposed to gold or silver.) You can understand that when Luther had rediscovered the truth of salvation by faith and here was James saying that faith alone is worthless. James said that faith alone was worthless so Luther said that James’ letter was worthless. Is James wrong? Let’s read the passage and then compare James with other New Testament authors.

I have tried to summarise James’ teaching in two diagrams. Do they accurately reflect what James says?

James 2:14-26

14 What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if someone claims to have faith but has no deeds? Can such faith save them? 15 Suppose a brother or a sister is without clothes and daily food. 16 If one of you says to them, ‘Go in peace; keep warm and well fed,’ but does nothing about their physical needs, what good is it? 17 In the same way, faith by itself, if it is not accompanied by action, is dead.

18 But someone will say, ‘You have faith; I have deeds.’

Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my faith by my deeds. 19 You believe that there is one God. Good! Even the demons believe that – and shudder.

20 You foolish person, do you want evidence that faith without deeds is useless? 21 Was not our father Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? 22 You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did. 23 And the scripture was fulfilled that says, ‘Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness,’and he was called God’s friend. 24 You see that a person is considered righteous by what they do and not by faith alone.

25 In the same way, was not even Rahab the prostitute considered righteous for what she did when she gave lodging to the spies and sent them off in a different direction? 26 As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without deeds is dead.

James says that our deeds prove the reality of our faith. Faith that produces works that is real and will save. So-called faith that produces no works is dead; it is not real faith and therefore will not save. Abraham had faith but it was his willingness to sacrifice Isaac (Gen 22) that proved that he really did trust God. He could say he trusted God but it was his actions that proved it. It was when Abraham had the knife raised above Isaac that the angel intervened and said, “Now I know that you fear God.”

James says that works are necessary for our salvation. If there are no works, then there is no faith. And if there is no faith, then there is no salvation. Does anyone else in the New Testament agree? For each passages, ask 2 questions: Does it mention works? What is the relationship between works and salvation?

What about Paul himself?

We read Ephesians 2:8-9 but look at v.10. [Questions]  We have been created in Christ Jesus to do good works that God prepared in advance for us to do. At the very least, that says that God expects more from us than just a prayer. He expects us to do the works He has prepared in advance for us to do.

Romans 1:5 and Romans 16:26 – the beginning and the end of Romans. [Questions] Paul says that the gospel had been made known, and he had been called to be an apostle, to call the Gentiles to the obedience of faith. We are actually called to the works (to the obedience) but that obedience comes from faith. First we must have the faith but we are called to the obedience. That looks exactly like James!

Romans 2:4         Or do you show contempt for the riches of his kindness, forbearance and patience, not realising that God’s kindness is intended to lead you to repentance?

“The riches of God’s kindness, forbearance and patience.” That is the grace of God, but we show contempt for God’s grace if we do not repent. The intention of grace is to lead us to repentance. Repentance is about what we do. It is about doing a 180o turn and living differently.

Then Romans 2:6 says God will repay us according to what we have done. This passage (vv.1-16) is very clearly about judgement. It is slightly difficult but it repeatedly says that God judges us on the basis of our works. Maybe Paul is saying, along with James, that works produced by faith are the evidence of real faith. It is the faith that saves but the works that prove the reality of the faith.

1 Thess 1:3          We remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labour prompted by love and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ.

Faith, hope and love are all internal but they all produce external evidence. The evidence of love is labour. The evidence of hope is endurance. The evidence of faith is work. That sounds exactly like James.

1 Thess 1:8b-9     …your faith in God has become known everywhere. Therefore, we do not need to say anything about it, 9 for they themselves report what kind of reception you gave us. They tell how you turned to God from idols to serve the living and true God…

Everybody in the provinces of Macedonia and Achaia was talking about the faith of the Thessalonians. What were they saying? They were talking about how they had turned from idols to serve the living and true God. The evidence of their faith was their new lifestyle and it was a lifestyle of serving God. The reality of their faith was seen in their works.

Maybe Paul and James are not saying contradictory things but actually teaching the same thing. We are saved by faith but real faith produces works. Our actions prove and complete the faith.

Let’s go to the top. What about Jesus Himself? What did He teach?

“By their fruits you will know them” (Mt 7:16,20). How can you tell if a tree is good or bad? Look at the quality of the fruit. How can you tell if someone has faith? Their actions will tell you.

He also said, “You did not choose me but I chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit – fruit that will last…” (John 15:16) We have been chosen to serve, producing fruit that will last – eternal fruit – Kingdom of God fruit.

In Matthew 7, after saying “By their fruits you will know them”, Jesus was even more direct.

Matthew 7:21-23 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven. 22 Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?23 And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’

Can you imagine what it will be like for these people? They fully expect to get into heaven. They call Jesus ‘Lord, Lord’. They have done amazing things for Him – in His name. Very clearly this is about entering the Kingdom of Heaven. But Jesus will say, “I never knew you.” Only those who do the will of God will enter the Kingdom of Heaven. Those who are obedient will be saved. These people have done great works but they hadn’t done what God had asked them to do. What a shock to be absolutely confident and then to be turned away. Some people say this is the scariest passage in the Bible.

Just in case we haven’t understood, Jesus then told the story of the two men who built houses, one on the rock and the other on the sand. When the storm came, the one on the rock stood but the one on the sand collapsed. Does the storm represent judgement? What was the difference between those two men? What determined whether the house stood or fell? Obedience. They both listened to Jesus but only one put Jesus’ words into practice.

It has often been taught that if you just pray the sinners’ prayer – you tell God that you need forgiveness and you believe that Jesus died for you and you invite Him into your life – you are saved. Is that in the Bible? If that has been our understanding, then Jesus’ words about obedience might be terrifying. We might have thought that our salvation was assured but have we been doing the will of God?

There is more. Think of all the parables about a master or king who goes away. When he returns the big question is: Are his servants doing the work that he left them to do? If not, all of those parables contain graphic descriptions of those servants being cast into outer darkness. Jesus seems to agree with James. Are we doing the work that Jesus has left us here to do?

What about John? Does he also emphasise the importance of our works for our salvation?

1 John 2:3-6        Now by this we know that we know Him, if we keep His commandments. [Wow! Obedience is the proof.] 4 He who says, “I know Him,” and does not keep His commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. [It is not what we claim; it is what we do.] 5 But whoever keeps His word, truly the love of God is perfected in him. By this we know that we are in Him. 6 He who says he abides in Him ought himself also to walk just as He walked. [If we say we are Christians then we must live like Jesus.]

John answers the question “How can I know that I am saved?”

1 John 3:10         This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: anyone who does not do what is right is not God’s child, nor is anyone who does not love their brother and sister.

Did you know that there is so much emphasis on works in the Bible? We are not saved by our works. We are saved by grace. Salvation is a free gift from the gracious, generous, merciful, forgiving God. It is received through faith in Jesus. But real faith produces works and so the works are test.

If this is true, will you be saved? Are you being obedient to God?

One reaction would be to say, “I must do more good work. I must try harder.” That would be the wrong reaction. We are not saved by doing more or trying harder. Do not focus on the works. It is faith that produces the works and it is the faith that saves, so focus on growing in faith. Actually, just focus on Jesus. Focus on knowing and following Jesus. The better you know Him, the more you will know that you can trust Him. That is faith. That faith will then produce good works in your life. When we really love Jesus, and know that we are loved by Jesus, we will obey His commands.

I cannot emphasise this enough. We are saved by faith, not by our good deeds. But what is the evidence of genuine faith? Obedience. “Is my faith real?” The test is: Am I being obedient to God? Maybe we are at the beginning of the journey; maybe we are not obedient in everything; maybe we never will be 100% obedient. God is forgiving and merciful. But the question remains: Am I being obedient to God? Does my life show that I am following Jesus?

The Reformers – like Martin Luther and John Calvin – used to say, “We are saved by faith alone but faith is never alone.”

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12.11.17 – Sola-Powered: Is Another Reformation Required? – Peter Cheyne

This was part of a less formal, interactive service. It might not make complete sense. I will add the results of people’s voting later in case it is of interest.

Five or six years ago I was in a discussion group at a conference and an elder in the church related this conversation she had had. Someone said to her, “I am not a Christian.” Her reply was “Yes you are. You do good things”!

You should be on your feet. There should be howls of protest. You should be in tears!

Here’s why you should be in tears. Last week we looked at the five solas of the Reformation – the five big themes

  • Sola scriptura – the Bible alone is our authority. Is that the teaching of the Bible? No, it is exactly the opposite of what the Bible teaches. How come a leader in the church is that ignorant? Because the Bible is not studied and the Bible is not taught and the Bible is not known.
  • Sola fide – we are saved by faith alone. And yet, here is an elder teaching that we are saved by good works. There is no mention of faith.
  • Sola gratia – we are saved by the grace of God alone. Salvation is a free gift from God. And yet, God wasn’t mentioned. His grace was not mentioned. On the contrary, this elder taught that salvation is not a free gift but something we earn.
  • Solus Christus – salvation is found in Jesus Christ alone. Was this person pointed to Jesus? No, if salvation is earnt by doing good works, Jesus is not even required.
  • Soli Deo Gloria – glory to God alone. Who was glorified in this exchange? The person. You are a good person. Nothing about the goodness of God. You are a good person. Go you!

You should also be in tears because this person was being led away from salvation. She will never find salvation in Jesus if she has been told that she doesn’t need it because she’s OK. And you should be in tears when you see that this is the state of the church.

But is that an extreme example or is that typical of the church in our country? Obviously there are some very fine churches and lots of amazing Christians who relate closely to God, who know the Bible and obey it, who give God glory daily, etc. But, in my opinion, there are also many churches around our country where there is little understanding of the Bible and little spiritual maturity and little commitment to mission. In fact, they probably don’t even know what the mission of the church is. There are many churches that are little more than social clubs – in my opinion.

I think there is a conventional understanding of what it means to be a Christian and a church, but it is miles away from a biblical understanding. By “conventional” I mean a generally held understanding – an assumed understanding because it is just what everybody thinks – but it is not what God thinks.

I think that is true of whole denominations, but I think it is also true of local churches, and I think it is true of vast numbers of church members. Many Christians cannot tell you what the gospel is. Many Christian leaders cannot tell you what the gospel is

If I am right, then there is a need for another reformation. There is a need for the church to look again at the Bible, see how far it has drifted and be willing to turn back and obey God. Another Latin phrase associated with the Reformation is “semper reformanda” – always reforming; the church is always in need of reform. The church is not yet perfect. We can drift away from the Word of God and become corrupt or simply weak. We have blind spots and we don’t even realise it. There is always the need to read the scriptures again and to be willing to repent.

But what do you think? Let’s do a little exercise to explore this a bit. I have put up the following 15 statements.

Sola scriptura (The Bible only)

  • The Bible is the Word of God. I read it regularly to hear God speak.
  • The Bible is of little relevance to the practical needs of today. I don’t read it much.

Sola Fide (Faith only)

  • I know I deserve judgement but I believe Jesus died so that I can be forgiven.
  • If I am a good person, I will go to heaven.
  • If I have prayed, inviting Jesus into my life, I am a Christian. I don’t have to do anything else.

Sola Gratia (Grace only)

  • Salvation is a free gift from a good God.
  • Because God is so loving, everyone will be saved.

Solus Christus (Jesus Christ only)

  • Jesus is the only way to God.
  • There are many roads to God besides Jesus

Soli Deo Gloria (to the glory of God only)

  • Every day and in every way I seek to show people that God is good.
  • I must look after my own reputation so I never mention God.


  • Because of our sin, without faith in Jesus, all people are in danger of God’s judgement.
  • Concepts such as sin, judgement and wrath are old fashioned and unhelpful.

Mission (Why does the church exists?)

  • The church exists primarily to look after its members.
  • The church’s primary task is to share the gospel and to train Christians.

Can you please take your black dots – black dots only – and choose the four statements that you think are most typical of the church today in New Zealand. What do people in our churches believe? If you feel you don’t have a sense of where the church is at, think about the people you know – whether church members or not. What do you think are the things they believe most strongly?

Now, please take your red, orange and green dots. Green means “yes”. Find the five statements that you most strongly agree with. Orange means “I am not sure” or “I have questions”. Find the five statements you have the most doubts about. Red means “Stop! This is wrong. This upsets me.”

How are we going to decide whether a statement is true or not?

The five solas give us a grid to measure them against. But more importantly, what does the Bible say?

I have had some experience of the wider church. There are many churches that I have huge admiration for but, by-and-large, the church is not in a good state. IMHO, many churches have no idea why they exist and the members have little understanding of the Bible.

In broad terms, I think the conventional thinking about the church favours comfort

  • God won’t judge
  • Salvation is easy. All you have to do is pray this prayer.
  • I don’t need to make any changes to my life.

Clearly the Bible teaches about comfort as well but also there is a much bigger component of commitment and cost. God is looking for people who will pay the cost.

Read Luke 9:57-62

57 As they were walking along the road, a man said to him, ‘I will follow you wherever you go.’

58 Jesus replied, ‘Foxes have dens and birds have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head.’

59 He said to another man, ‘Follow me.’

But he replied, ‘Lord, first let me go and bury my father.’

60 Jesus said to him, ‘Let the dead bury their own dead, but you go and proclaim the kingdom of God.’

61 Still another said, ‘I will follow you, Lord; but first let me go back and say goodbye to my family.’

62 Jesus replied, ‘No one who puts a hand to the plough and looks back is fit for service in the kingdom of God.’

  • Am I willing to be transformed by the word of God and the Spirit of God?
    • God change me
  • Am I committed?
    • God use me




It always needs further reformation; it always needs to return to the scriptures. That is true of the church as an institution. But equally, who is the church? We are. We are always in need of being transformed and being called back to the scriptures. In my view, the church of today needs another reformation. Let’s explore that using the five solas.


Sola scriptura. Does the church believe that the Bible is the Word of God and the only authority? If we need a question answered or an issue resolved, do we search the scriptures to find out what God has said about it?


No, surveys have shown that the levels of Bible reading, and Bible knowledge, amongst Christians are abysmally low. At a higher level, in the politics and decision-making of the church, the Bible is hardly ever referred to. Much preaching is not a revealing of the message of the Bible but pop psychology or self-help teaching or the latest political fad with an occasional quote from the Bible if it supports the view of the preacher. Is the Bible front-and-centre? Is the Bible honoured?


In today’s church, the Bible needs to be rediscovered and re-honoured.


Sola fide. If you go to a funeral, often the message is “Tom will be in heaven (if there is any belief in heaven) because he was a good man.” The general impression in our society is that God loves good people and basically we are all good (except, perhaps for the very worst offenders). But that is a million miles away from what the Bible teaches. Who will be in heaven? Those who have recognised that they are not good people and who therefore repent and put their faith in Jesus. When the church fails to teach the good news of salvation through faith in Jesus, it leads people straight into hell.


But there is also an opposite problem. Sometimes the church goes too far with the message of faith alone, teaching that all you have to do to be saved is pray a particular prayer. Say this prayer and your eternity is assured.


Rubbish! Where does the Bible teach that? Again, that leads people straight into hell. It is a terrible thing when Christians are leading people into hell.


The Bible teaches that true faith will always lead to good works. Do you want to know if a person has faith in Jesus? Look at that person’s life. Jesus said, “By their fruit you will know them.” Is this person trusting Jesus daily? Is this person obedient to Jesus? Is this person serving Jesus?


Remember the passage we read last week, from Ephesians 2.


Ephesians 2:8-10 8For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith – and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – 9 not by works, so that no one can boast. 10 For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.


Matthew 7:21      Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the Kingdom of Heaven, but only those who do the will of my Father who is in heaven.


That is a very scary scripture because many people are sitting in our churches thinking, “I have faith in Jesus. I said the prayer once” but they are not daily obedient to God. According to Jesus, they will not be saved. It is not about saying, ‘Lord, Lord’; it is not about singing worship songs. It is about doing the good works that God has prepared in advance for us to do.


The Reformers taught that we are saved by faith alone but faith is never alone. All we need to do is trust in Jesus’ death in our place. But if we do, that will always lead to a life of daily obedience to God. If is no obedience (no good works), then it shows that there is no faith and there is no salvation.


We need to rediscover faith. But we also need to rediscover obedience.


Sola gratia. We have already said that many people believe that we are saved by our good works not by the grace of God. That is a problem but again there is an opposite problem. Some churches stress the grace of God to the point of teaching that everybody will be saved. God is so loving and gracious He would never judge anyone. Forgiveness is automatic. Everyone is forgiven. Everyone will go to heaven.


Rubbish! There is no way the Bible teaches that. Francis Chan says, “If you don’t believe in judgement, you haven’t read the Bible.”


Again, people are being told that they are saved when they are not. And because they think they are, they have no incentive to turn to Jesus in faith and repentance.


We need to rediscover grace. But we also need to rediscover some of the more challenging teachings of scripture such as sin, judgement, holiness, repentance.


Solus Christus. Well, that is an unpopular teaching today, isn’t it? How can Christians be so arrogant to claim that Jesus is the only way? Every religion teaches good things. There are lots of good people. God will save every person of good will.


That completely contradicts the Bible.


John 14:6            Jesus answered, ‘I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.


Acts 4:12             Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name given under heaven by which we must be saved.


I know that that raises questions. What about those who have never heard of Jesus? Nevertheless, it is what the Bible teaches and I trust God to do the right thing. I am sure God knows about what is just and fair. I know that God is good and merciful. We do not need to advise Him on these matters.


If there is salvation apart from Jesus, then Jesus is not required. Jesus’ death was unnecessary and pointless. Really? Was the cross pointless or was the cross what made salvation possible?


I seldom read the sPanz magazine that the Presbyterian Church publishes but sometimes I scan it just to see how many times Jesus is mentioned. Not many! So much for “Jesus only”. We say we are followers of Jesus. Shouldn’t He then be very prominent in our teaching and our conversations?


We need to rediscover Jesus.


Soli Deo Gloria. This, it seems to me, is a forgotten doctrine



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5.11.17 – Sola Powered: Reformation Principles – Peter Cheyne

What would you think of a society that, every year, expressed its joy at the defeat of one of its enemies by making effigies of that person and then watching him burn? Everybody rejoicing in his destruction. Guy Fawkes has lost a lot of its momentum – perhaps overshadowed by Halloween – but when I was a child, we used to make “guys” stuffed effigies of this man called Guy Fawkes. Some of you might remember doing the same thing. We would take them through the neighbourhood on prams or trolleys, collecting donations and chanting “Guy Fawkes guy. Stick him up high. Put him on a lamppost and there let him die.” Then on Guy Fakes evening all of these guys would be burnt on a bonfire as everybody celebrated with fireworks. This week, I have suddenly realised how horrible that is and how horrible I am!

Every year we rejoiced in the capture and execution of a Catholic. I do not remember from my childhood how the Catholics felt about Guy Fawkes night but, if you look online, there is still some deep feeling between Protestants and Catholics around how we are to understand Guy Fawkes and the Reformation more generally. Guy Fawkes was all part of the Reformation started by Martin Luther (which we looked at last week.) In 1605 he was part of a group of Roman Catholics who plotted to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London. Because it would have been the state opening of parliament, they would have killed the King, his wife and the princes, all of the bishops and Lord and all of the MPs – virtually the entire ruling establishment in England and Scotland. It would have been an incredible act of rebellion and it is very easy to see that such a thing utterly treasonous. Thank God they were discovered before the big bang.

But why did they even plot such a thing? 88 years earlier, Martin Luther had begun a protest against the church of his day. That split the church. Whereas there had been only one church throughout Europe, now that church was divided and there were a growing number of breakaway churches – collectively called “Protestant”; the protesting churches. The divide was bitter. Both sides believed that they were the true church, maintaining the true faith. Both looked at the other as heretics and hated enemies. Many lives were lost. Wars were fought. In England, King Henry VIII broke the Church of England away from the Catholic Church, not for theological reasons, but for personal reasons when the Pope would not allow him to divorce his wife. In England, Catholics were persecuted. They were fined for not attending worship in a Protestant Church. Priests were banned and had to go into hiding fearing for their lives. That continued under Elizabeth I – also a Protestant monarch. With the ascension of James I, Catholics hoped for a new tolerance but it didn’t happen and the frustration led some hot-headed conspirators, in 1605, to decide to blow up the whole Parliament, especially the king, so as to have another Catholic monarch.

Often, we honour people who have had the courage of their convictions, who have stood up to the authorities at great cost to themselves. So, was Guy Fawkes a hero or a villain? Given that Catholics were severely persecuted, were they freedom-fighters? Was their cause justified? Or were they evil terrorists? Can you ever justify that level of violence? But what about the violence against them? The reformation of the church came at huge cost to both sides. There was about 130 years of warfare and hatred. Some of us will remember that even, say, 450 years later and on the other side of the world, bitter division between Catholics and Protestants was still a reality. People can be sinful whether Catholic or Protestant.

Our attitude to Guy Fawkes probably depends on which side we are on. But actually, some terrible things were done by both sides. How far should we go in fighting for what we believe? And how far is too far? Can we be passionate about a cause to the point that we are blinded to Jesus, like Peter grabbing a sword to defend Jesus but Jesus telling him to put it away. Those who draw the sword will die by the sword.

How do we judge these things?

The principles of the Reformation are often stated in terms of five solas. In Latin, they are:

  1. Sola Scriptura (“Scripture alone”): The Bible alone is our highest authority.
  2. Sola Fide (“faith alone”): We are saved through faith alone in Jesus Christ.
  3. Sola Gratia (“grace alone”): We are saved by the grace of God alone.
  4. Solus Christus (“Christ alone”): Jesus Christ alone is our Lord, Saviour, and King.
  5. Soli Deo Gloria (“to the glory of God alone”): We live for the glory of God alone.

You might recognise the importance of each of those from the story of Martin Luther that we looked at briefly last week. There were lots of abuses in the church at the time which became clear when Luther studied the scriptures. What the church was teaching and requiring of people was simply not biblical. The church saw its authority lying in its traditions and in the person of the Pope. But Luther said, “No, no no, the only authority is the Bible itself. Unless I am convinced by scripture… My conscience is captive to the word of God.”

He translated the Latin Bible into German so that the common people could hear it and read it in their own tongue. That way they wouldn’t be dependent only on what the priest told them but could know what God’s word said. He preached several times a week and wrote multiple books and pamphlets, all of them as a result of his diligent study of the Bible.

The same is true for all of the great figures of the Reformation such as John Calvin, John Knox, John Wycliffe, William Tyndale. They were all men (and some women) who held the Bible in high regard and that was evident in their lives. Some of them were executed for the crime of translating the Bible into their own language so that people could read it.

In a context too when the church was telling people that they would be saved if they paid some money or they went on a pilgrimage or they worshipped some supposed relic such as a splinter from the cross of Christ, Luther (and others) rediscovered the truth of the gospel. We are saved by the grace of God. It is not earned by doing good works or some religious act. It cannot be bought. It is free gift given by God when we put our faith in Jesus. Faith is all that is required for salvation. Nothing more. Sola fide. And it is by grace alone. There is no other way to receive salvation.

This is taught throughout the Bible but is perhaps clearest in Ephesians 2:1-10. Note how this passage has no qualms about saying that we are all sinners and, consequently, we are alienated from God and we are dead. We did our own thing. We gratified our own sinful nature. We were deserving of the wrath of God but then something changed. Listen to what changed. READ Ephesians 2:1-10.

Did you hear what the Bible teaches? We were dead but God made us alive. Why? Why did God bother? What motivated God to action? “Because of His great love for us, God who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ.”

You can take that as a personal message: because of His great love for you. God has a great love for you. His love and His mercy mean that He doesn’t want you dead because of sin. Despite your sin and your self-centredness, God loves you greatly. He is merciful. He offers new life. He makes us citizens of heaven.

Martin Luther’s understanding had been that God is a harsh judge, wanting to punish us. He longed for a loving, merciful God. He longed, actually for the God of the Bible – the God who loves us greatly and is merciful. The God who does not want to punish; the God who wants to rescue us and give us life.

It is vv.8-10 that very clearly say: “For it is by grace (pure generosity from God) that you have been saved, through faith – and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God – not by works, so that no one can boast.” Salvation is a free gift but it is received through faith. It is those who put their faith in Jesus who are saved. This has got nothing to do with you. It has nothing to do with your good works. None of us will be able to get to heaven and boast.

Imagine walking around heaven and having these conversations. “Good day to you, sir. Good day, madam. And how did you get here, may I ask? …Oh dear, how sad. That is all you had to offer? Goodness! I imagine you had to talk quite hard to St Peter at the gate. I could fully understand that he might have really doubted your credentials. Oh you are lucky. No luck was required in my case. I got here because I sponsored 15 TEAR Fund children. A great sacrifice it was. You can imagine, I am sure. I mean some days I had to go without caviar altogether. Of course, that is not all. I also helped four old ladies across the road and I didn’t cheat on my wife. And so you see, there was no doubt in my case. My CV simply sparkled.”

There will be no boasting because none of that will be worth a tin of fish. Everybody will say the same thing: “I was a miserable sinner and fully deserving of God’s wrath, but because of His great love for me, God who is rich in mercy made me alive with Christ. I do not deserve to be here but I received God’s grace when I put my faith in Jesus.” And others will say, “Wow! Me too!”

Please do note that in Ephesians 2, God says that we are not saved by our good works but we are saved for good works. V.9 says, “not by good works, so that no one can boast” and then, immediately, v.10 says, “For we are God’s handiwork, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.” We are not saved by good works but we are saved to do good works. God recruits us to work. Are you now an employee of God? Do you go to work for Him every day? He already has a plan that He is expecting us to fulfil. Jesus said, “You did not choose me but I chose you and appointed you so that you might go and bear fruit – fruit that will last – and so that whatever you ask in my name the Father will give you.” (John 15:16) We might come back to that next week because I suspect that is an area in which the church today needs a new reformation.

The Reformers picked up these biblical truths and said, “Faith only. It is the only way. Grace only.” And “Jesus only”. The church has no power to grant salvation, although in those times they taught that they did. Salvation is found in Jesus only.

Which brings us to the last sola which we didn’t talk about in connection with Martin Luther. Soli Deo Gloria: to the glory of God alone.

Look at Ephesians 2:7. V.6 says that God raised us up and seated us in heavenly places. V.7 says why: so that, in the future, God might be able to show the incomparable riches of His grace, expressed in His kindness to us in Christ Jesus.” Our salvation is evidence of the incredible grace and kindness of God. Our salvation reveals how good God is. The point is that God will be proved beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be good, merciful, generous, forgiving, compassionate…

Why has God saved us? Because He loves us. But there is another purpose. The bigger purpose is that God might receive glory. Every Christian wants God to be honoured, to receive the worship and adoration that He deserves. Hallowed be your name. As Paul says in Romans 1:17 (and this was a verse that was instrumental in Martin Luther’s conversion) “for in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed”. The gospel reveals how good God is. Whatever we do, we are to do it for the glory of God (1 Cor 10:31). Everything – even our salvation – is for the glory of God.

These were hard-won truths that the Reformers re-discovered and we should hold onto them. If we remember these things, they will shape our thinking and our words and our actions. Scripture alone. Faith alone. Grace alone. Jesus alone. For the glory of God alone. For example, when you hear an opinion on the radio or Youtube but you hold to this principle of scripture alone, you will be like the Bereans in Acts 17:11. You will examine the scriptures to see if these things are true. If you believe that the Bible alone reveals truth, you will prioritise time each day to hear more from God.

We could spend a lot of time thinking about each of these solas. I don’t think we are going to do that but I actually believe that the church needs another reformation. We might be highly critical of the medieval church and its failures in these areas but maybe the modern church, in the west, is failing in exactly the same areas and, after 500 years, we also have drifted into unbiblical thinking and we need a kick in the pants to wake us up. Am I right? If there was going to be another reformation, now, what would God see was wrong about our church? What does He want to change? You might have thoughts about that. What is wrong, seriously wrong, in today’s church? We will talk about that next week, God willing.

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29.10.17 – Captive To The Word Of God – Peter Cheyne

We perhaps don’t immediately realise the courage that Martin Luther showed. He never intended to start a revolution but rather to start a discussion for change within the church of the day. However, his ideas resonated with people and spread like wildfire, helped by the recent invention of the printing press. But his opposition to the teachings and practices of the church created a backlash from the church. And the church was all-powerful and worked hand-in-glove with the secular rulers. There was no separation of church and state. The church controlled everything, but Luther was resolute.

After nailing his 95 theses (or statements) to the church door, the Pope demanded that he disown them. Luther refused. The Pope sent a cardinal to interrogate him. Luther mocked the cardinal. The Pope declared him a heretic. That meant that he could be cut off from the church and handed over to the civic authorities who could kill him. Luther demanded to be shown what was heretical in his teachings. He said he was bound to assert and defend the truth with his blood and his death. Then the Pope excommunicated him – expelled him from the church. Because the church granted salvation [Note that phrase: the church granted salvation] anyone who was excommunicated from the church would spend eternity in hell. Plus, he could be arrested by any secular or church authority. This was a battle between the most powerful institution on earth and one solitary monk. Luther threw the declaration of excommunication in a fire.

He was then summonsed to a trial at the Diet of Worms which sounds pretty gross but it was actually the Di’et of Vorms – “di’et” being a parliament and Vorms a town in Germany. There Luther faced some of the greatest powers in Europe: the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V, the princes of the many Germany states and a Papal ambassador – the combined forces of church and state who could order his execution. Luther believed that he was going to his death, and he was genuinely frightened.

On the other hand, he knew what he believed. He was shown a pile of his books and told to recant all of them. All he had to do, to save his life, was to say, “I was wrong. I take it back.” But he refused. He stood before those men and said, “Unless I am convinced by Scripture and plain reason, my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience would be neither right nor safe. Here I stand, I can do no other. God help me. Amen.”

Actually, he might not have said, “Here I stand. I can do no other.” That might be part of the legend but it is a very famous line. He left that hearing saying, “I am finished.” He fully expected to have to stand trial in Rome and probably be executed. That didn’t happen but that is another story.

The back story was that Luther, as a monk, had been tormented by a sense of unworthiness before God. At the time, the church taught that a person achieved salvation by doing good works. He was part of a severe order of monks and Luther was utterly devoted to self-denial and to persecuting his own flesh. He would sleep outside in the snow with no covering and would have died if not rescued by other monks. He worked enormously hard, punishing himself, trying to please God. He would whip his own body. But all to no avail. No matter what he did, he felt that God had not forgiven his sins.

Eventually, a wise, senior monk appointed him to teach in the university in Wittenberg. That meant that Luther had to study the scriptures and as he did, he discovered that the Bible teaches something very different. Salvation is a free gift from God received through faith – not by works and suffering. Luther realised that you didn’t need the church and all its rituals and rules to be saved. It is Jesus who is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. It was between the individual and God. The church could not grant or withhold salvation. In contrast to all of the torment he had experienced before, when he discovered that forgiveness and salvation are given by God’s grace to those who have faith and who repent, he felt as if he had been born again and had entered into heaven.

But that meant that he was horrified by what the church was teaching and by the way the church held people captive. And also by the way the church used it supposed power to grant salvation to make money. In 1517, one of the big issues was the selling of indulgences. Indulgences were pieces of paper that people could buy and that granted forgiveness or that granted a loved one less time in purgatory. In reality, these indulgences were a way for the licentious Pope Leo X to raise money for the building of St Peter’s Basilica in Rome. [Picture of indulgence]

Martin Luther was horrified at the corruption and greed of the church. More than that though, people were being misled. If they thought they could buy their salvation, there was no need for faith in Jesus or for repentance. They thought they were saved when they were not. For Luther, this was just wrong and the church was leading people straight into hell. That is what prompted him to nail his 95 theses to the church door. That spark started a revolution. Luther would not back down in the face of the wrath of the church.

What was behind his courage? His conscience. Remember his words: I will not recant anything, for to go against conscience would be neither right nor safe. But what was behind his conscience? The Bible; the word of God. It is not just about freedom of conscience as if we can all believe whatever we like. Luther said, “My conscience is captive to the word of God.” He had discovered truth and freedom and salvation in the Bible – which revealed lies and error and corruption in the church. “If I am wrong, show me from the Bible.” He would die defending the truths of the Bible and fighting for people’s salvation.

There is always a tendency for the church to drift away from the Bible – and for us as individuals to drift away – and so we always need to be reforming. It always must be the recovery of what is biblical. For example, Martin Luther had a strong sense of his sinfulness before God. Today, by-and-large, we don’t. We might think that is old-fashioned and superstitious but it is actually biblical. If we tell people that a loving God will save everyone, we also are leading people away from salvation – away from faith in Jesus. Luther is a model for us. What does the Bible say? Then that is what I will believe and I will teach, even if that gets me into trouble.

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24.9.17 – Trusting In Chariots – Peter Cheyne

Yesterday two very significant things happened: New Zealand had a general election and the world ended. Many people put material online predicting the end of the world on September 23. If you have been reading the emailed newsletters, you will know what I mean.

Now, of course, the world might still end on September 23. Does it mean September 23 in New Zealand or Israel or USA? It is already 24th in New Zealand and Israel but many of those who predicted the end of the world are from the United States of America. By the way, what do you call a person from the United States of America? It cannot be “American” since everyone in North and South America is presumably an American. I don’t think there is a word for the people from the USA. Isn’t that strange?

Anyway, these United Statesians on YouTube seem to think that the Bible is all about the USA. So, if God lives in, say, San Francisco, there are about another 9.5 hours in which the world might end.

So, I had in mind these two events that were coming up and I was wondering which to speak about today – which was kind of tricky because I didn’t know what was going to happen with either of them. Which is the more important – a New Zealand election or the end of the world. Clearly the end of the world. On the other hand, which is more important: a New Zealand election or speculation about the end of the world? Probably the New Zealand election. So let’s talk about the New Zealand election.

The Bible contains some very strange military tactics. Modern armies study ancient battles but I doubt they feel they can learn much from some of these battles. For example, how many modern armies would think it was a good idea to march around a city every day for six days blowing trumpets and then march around it seven times on the seventh day, and then shout? And yet that, of course, was what God told Joshua to do and the walls of Jericho collapsed. This is unconventional warfare.

Or how many armies would reduce their man-power to less than 1% of their original strength, and do that, in part, on the basis of the men’s river-drinking technique? But that is what God told Gideon to do. How many armies would believe that their success would depend on the ability of an old man up a mountain to hold his arms up in the air? And yet, while Moses held up his hands, the Israelites prevailed over the Amalekites, and when he grew tired and his hands slumped, the Amalekites started winning.

There are many more examples – times when the Israelites faced insurmountable odds but they won, not through their military might but by doing some very strange thing that God required of them. Most people would think that military victories result from military might but biblically, military might counts for nothing. What actually counts is God. God can defeat a whole army using only one man if He wants to. He did that, for example, using a shepherd-boy.

Listen to what David said to Goliath.

1 Samuel 17:45-47      45 David said to the Philistine, ‘You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This day the Lord will deliver you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel. 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the Lord saves; for the battle is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.’

In a contest between military might – sword, spear, javelin, training, armour, great size and strength – and God, who wins? God wins. We would feel far more comfortable having the sword and the spear and the javelin but David trusted God to be greater.

Note the phrase David used there: “the battle is the Lord’s”, or “the battle belongs to the Lord”.

That phrase is repeated in words spoken by a prophet to King Jehoshaphat

2 Chron 20:15     He said: ‘Listen, King Jehoshaphat and all who live in Judah and Jerusalem! This is what the Lord says to you: “Do not be afraid or discouraged because of this vast army. For the battle is not yours, but God’s.

God often warned Israel not to trust in military might – not to trust in horses and chariots and alliances with the super-powers of the time. Listen to…

Isaiah 31:1          Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, who rely on horses, who trust in the multitude of their chariots and in the great strength of their horsemen, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel, or seek help from the Lord.

Woe to those who trust in horses and chariots but do not look to God. The passage goes on to say that God is powerful but the Egyptians are mortals and their horses are mere flesh. Do not trust in human strength; woe to those who trust in human might and military hardware and strategies and human organisation, and not in God. If modern armies were to learn tactics from the biblical battles, the lesson would be that they should seek God. That would be unconventional warfare.

When we vote in an election, we are looking for a saviour, and we have high hopes that this party or that party is going to solve our problems and save our country. We weigh up the policies and the skills of the people. But ultimately, every time we are disappointed. Why is it so unusual for a government to get a fourth term? We try one party and after a few years we are disillusioned and we see another party offering what this one has failed to deliver and our hopes sore again – only to be disillusioned again.

I am not saying we shouldn’t vote. I voted. I am not saying we don’t need leadership. Of course, we do. I am not saying we shouldn’t try to identify which party’s values most reflect God’s values. I hope we all did that. I am saying that every party is going to disappoint. Every party has feet of clay. There is not God-honouring party. Every party will be good at some things but weak in other areas. Because every party is merely human and humans are fallible and sinful. We make a fundamental mistake if we look to people to save our country

Isaiah 31:1          Woe to those who go down to Egypt for help, who rely on horses, who trust in the multitude of their chariots and in the great strength of their horsemen, but do not look to the Holy One of Israel, or seek help from the Lord.

Can our government fix our problems? No. Of course, a good government will do some good things. Sometimes we will make real progress. But that government will reveal its dark side as well. There will be scandals; there will be failures; selfishness and dishonesty will manifest because humans are selfish and dishonest. It is unavoidable. Even supposedly Christian parties have not proved to be above these things. Christians don’t seem to handle power very well. Society today is certainly more advanced in some ways but it has as many problems as previous generations. We have not proven that we can sort out our problems. We might have a rock-star economy – maybe – but we have increasing poverty and horrific levels of mental illness and polluted rivers and… That is why National’s opponents have harped on about being in power for 9 years but failing to solve our problems. But equivalent statements will be true after a Labour-led government has been in power.

There has been euphoria about Jacinda – not quite enough euphoria for her liking – and Jacinda will presumably be Prime Minister one day. But the time will come when people will be fed up with Jacinda too and demand a change. That is what we do – euphoria followed by disillusionment. We trust in chariots but chariots fail.

No secular government (of any colour) can bring in the Kingdom of God. Woe to us. Only God can establish the Kingdom of God. But we, as a nation, are not seeking God. And often, we, as Christians, are not seeking God but we are still trusting in the chariots and horses and strength and human skills.

This principle of “woe to those who trust in horses and chariots” applies in many areas of our lives. Many of us feel secure because we have money. We trust in money. Or we feel insecure because we don’t have enough money, or we are working to make money so that we can feel secure. Why are we trusting in money that can disappear overnight? We are trusting in material things, not in God.

If we are ill, do we look first to the doctor or first to God? Who do we trust more?

Churches that want to grow can rely on marketing techniques and gimmicks and pandering to people’s needs, and flashy events. I wonder if the result might be different is we just prayed. What do we trust?

Does this mean that we do nothing, leaving it all up to God? No, it means we do whatever God asks us to do. What is God’s plan? Sometimes God’s plan will seem silly. Maybe marching around Jericho seemed silly but the Israelites did it. Going out to meet Goliath with no armour and only a sling and five stones, seems reckless and foolish. Everyone said that David could not beat Goliath. They thought training and strength were necessary. Saul urged David to wear armour. Why? Because that is what sensible people do. Don’t trust God; wear armour. David chose no armour but he did have that sling and stones. He did walk out to confront Goliath. But his trust wasn’t in his own strength and ability with his weapon. His trust was in God. Without God, he was a lost cause.

Here’s something crazy. God plans to establish His Kingdom in Mornington through us, not through the government. We can have a much greater impact for good than the government. Society will not be transformed by government departments and think tanks and policies and taxes. Those things might all have their part to play but deep transformation comes only from Jesus. Do you know what God’s plan is for transforming our community? That we make disciples; that we help people to become followers of Jesus and to live following Jesus. Society is transformed when people are transformed.

So, what are the crazy things God is asking us to do? What is His strategy?

God commands us to do crazy things like love people, forgive them, pray, share the gospel of Jesus Christ, grow people to spiritual maturity. Those things will transform people and society.

2 Corinthians 10:3-4  For though we live in the world, we do not wage war as the world does. 4The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have divine power to demolish strongholds.

We don’t use the world’s weapons. Unconventional warfare. The weapons we use have divine power to break the strongholds holding people in bondage. What are those weapons that have divine power?

It is not the whole answer but let’s start with Ephesians 6 – the armour of God. Ephesians 6 lists 7 weapons. Let’s contrast them with 7 others which, just for fun, spell out chariot.

Committees Truth
Human ability Righteousness
Activity (programmes) The gospel
Riches Faith
Ideas, ideology & arguments Salvation
Order (law, power) The Bible
Technology & innovation Prayer
  1. What is the difference between those two lists?
  2. Which one better describes the governments strategies? Which list would actually work? (Proverbs 14:34 says that righteousness exalts a nation; righteousness makes a nation great. Do we believe that?)
  3. Which one better describes the church? Which one should describe the church?
  4. Which one do you trust more?
  5. If the world does end in the next 9 hours – or, whenever Jesus does return – which list will be important?
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